iAfrika is a project that provides access to locally relevant cultural information in African languages. It is based on our theory of change.

The Ulwazi Programme is a local language, local content project of the eThekwini Municipality in Durban. It records and shares aspects of local history and culture in Zulu and in English.


The Five Hundred Year Archive is a multi-institutional, cross-disciplinary project. It focuses on bringing together materials relevant to the southern African past before European colonialism, often referred to as precolonial history.

Amandla: the Liberation Heritage Route of Durban was a project that celebrated Durban sites, individuals and organisations of South Africa’s struggle for freedom and democracy. 

The Cape Town Museum is explores and reflects on Cape Town as a dynamic network of people, processes and natural and man-made features.


The !Khwa ttu Digital Archive is a community platform for San people to tell their stories in their own ways. It is an online space for upholding, exploring and celebrating San heritage.


Articles and Book Chapters

McNulty, G. 2022. Refiguring the Archive for Eras before Writing: Digital Interventions, Affordances and Research Futures. History in Africa.
Available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2022. Mkhize Historians Dispute the Past. In Archives of Times Past: Conversations about South Africa’s Deep History, Cynthia Kros, Helen Ludlow, John Wright and Mbongiseni Buthelezi, Eds. Wits University Press.
Details of the publication available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2018. Access, Skills, African Perspectives and ‘Development’? in Africa: Local Knowledge in Local Languages. In African Language Digital Media and Communication, A. Salawu, Ed. Abingdon: Routledge. 11 – 30. 
Details of the publication available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2016. ‘(Re)discovering the Correct History’: Tradition and Custom, the Archival Record and Identity in Contemporary KwaZulu-Natal in Identity and the Material Record in Southern KwaZulu-Natal in the Late Independent and Colonial Periods, Carolyn Hamtilton and Nessa Leibhammer, Eds. UKZN Press.
Details of the publication available HERE.

McNulty, N. 2014. The Ulwazi Programme: A Case Study in Community-Focused Indigenous Knowledge Management. In Knowledge Management for Development K. Osei-Bryson, G. Mansingh and L. Rao, Eds. New York: Springer. 215 – 232. 
Details of the publication available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2013. Tradition, Custom and Political Power in eThekwini, KZN. Available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2013. Chiefs, Tradition and Record-Making in the Last 150 Years. Available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2012. Archival Aspirations and Anxieties: Contemporary Preservation and Production of the Past in Umbumbulu, KwaZulu-Natal. South African Historical Journal. 65 (1): 44 – 69.
Available HERE.

Greyling, E. and McNulty, N. 2011. The number in my pocket: the power of mobile technology for the exchange of indigenous knowledge. Knowledge Management for Development Journal. 7 (3): 256 – 273. Details of the publication available HERE.
See a summary in poster form HERE.


McNulty, N. and Stiebel, L. 2017. A Literary Guide to KwaZulu-Natal. Pietermaritzburg: UKZN Press

McNulty, G. and McNulty, N. Eds. 2015. The Digital Memory Toolkit. Available HERE (PDF).


McNulty, G. 2020. Future African Libraries: Public Libraries in Africa in the Digital Age. Available HERE (PDF).


McNulty, G. 2014, ‘Custodianship on the Periphery: Archives, Power and Identity Politics in Post-Apartheid Umbumbulu, KwaZulu-Natal’, PhD thesis, University of Cape Town, Cape Town. 
Available HERE

McNulty, N. 2005, ‘Reading the City: analysing literary space in selected
postapartheid urban narratives’MA thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.    
Available HERE.

McNulty, G. 2003, ‘The functions of dreams and visions in the Ibandla lalaNazaretha at Inanda’MA thesis, University of Natal (now University of KwaZulu-Natal), Durban.    
Available HERE.

Special Projects

KZN Literary Trails

Memories of Inanda

Memories of Inanda‘ Oral History Interview Series